Abdurrahman Bozkurt

Keywords: Dardanelles, Gallipoli, Gallipoli Campaign, War Graves

Abstract

In order to take over sovereignty of the Straits and to leave The Ottoman Empire out of the war The Entente Block attacking the Dardanelles, by giving nearly 250,000 lost have been forced to withdraw . Very few single graves for those killed in the Gallipoli Campaign. Due to the war conditions most of soldiers was buried in pits. Some of them were not buried on the land. Due to the Allies withdrew back the task of burying the corpses fell to the Ottoman Empire. However, after the war the spread rumors that in the foreign-owned cemeteries, tombs intentionally had been destroyed. By determinations made by the Papal representative show taht this rumors turned out not to be true. But after the Mudros Armistice these allegations came up again. After Mudros Armistice the British, who occupied the Dardanelles, tried to seize control of the area where the foreign graves and cemeteries in. Graves Registration Unit (GRU) was registration the part of the foreign-owned burial, cemeteries and places of the remains with the identities of the bodies. Imperial War Graves Comission (IWGC), who sent to the region after GRU, by completing registration process began the construction of cemeteries and memorial. This time, signed the Treaty of Sevres, gave the right to the Allied governments to arrange, provide, construct, care, and housing foreign-owned burial, cemeteries and monuments. Without waiting for approval of the British exercised a large portion of the relevant articles of the Treaty of Sevres. On the successful conclusion of the National Struggle The Treaty of Sevres was eliminated. However, construction work was almost completed at Gallipoli. In the Lausanne Conference, the Allies have raised this issue. After the negotiations the area where foreign graves, cemeteries and monuments will take place, has been turned into a distinctive region. It also banned the use of the area designated for purposes. Until 1926 the a large a large part of the cemeteries and monuments have been completed at Gallipoli.