Tuncay Öğün

Keywords: World War I, the Great War, Russian Muslims, Ottoman press, Turkification, Pan-Turanism

Abstract

The media in the run up to World War I was censored and utilized for state propaganda. The Ottoman press functioned to serve the interest of the state, which revolved around influencing public opinion. The Ottoman State tried to encourage Russian Muslims to rebel against the Russian state. Russian Muslims, especially the peoples in the Caucasus have become the focus of attention for the Ottoman Press. After the defeat of Sarikamis, the press realized the futility of their efforts to stir a rebellion. After three months of intense coverage of the topic, there was a sudden and profound silence. This study aims to examine the Ottoman plans, projects and administrative practices regarding Russian Muslims by focusing on the main Ottoman press outlets.