Barış Taş, İlker Yiğit

Keywords: Population, Historical Demography, Tanzimat, Republic, Migration

Abstract

Population is one of the key issues on which the science of geography. Population taken up by the different branches of science has an important place, especially in terms of planning. The quality of population is more important than the quantity of population in today's world. However, the quantity of a country's population (number) still maintains its importance. Indeed, population growth rate of countries with zero or in negative level, follow supporting growth population policies concerning such as aging population and non renewed generation. Population is a source of major tax and soldiers for states both in the past and today. The population in the Ottoman Empire was an extremely important resource in terms of military supplies and tax. In this respect, population is a common work area for the sciences of history and geography. In this paper, demographic changes occurring in the district of Beysehir (to the extent allowed by the sources) have been put forward from the first half of the 19th century to the Republican period. During the transition period from the last period of the Ottoman Empire to the Republican period; wars, migrations, and changes in administrative structure has been decisive on the development and change of population in Beysehir District. This change in the light of existing sources with geographical perspective (taken into account the natural environment-human interactions) has been evaluated. In this regard, on the development of population in the district of Beysehir, the administrative-human conditions have been much more effective impact than the natural environmental conditions.