Cengiz Şavkılı, Tülay Aydın

Keywords: Patrimonial Bureaucracy, Weber, Ataturk, Elite, Bureaucrats, Liquidation

Abstract

Bureaucracy which is the most important tool at the management decision-making units and the implementation of decisions taken, has also been the most important functional device on the history of Turkish government administration. Weber, who introduces the concept of bureaucracy in the administrative literature, has done significant work on this issue. The type of patrimonial bureaucracy which involved in Weber's bureaucracy, occupies an important place in classifying description of the management structure of the Ottoman Empire. Personal authority and traditional norms that are at the forefront of the patrimonial bureaucracy, has been the basis of the tradition of the Ottoman Empire. The developments of the 19th century has revealed changes in the Ottoman patrimonial bureaucracy, and a new structure has been built based on the law and the juristic. However, the administration of Sultan Abdulhamid II has revealed the results re-centralization of the bureaucracy. This structure which shows a dual and mixed structure was subjected to a radical change together with the proclamation of the Republic. Ataturk who foresees that fusty and traditional bureaucracy inherited from the Ottoman regime must compatible with the newly established regime and configured with a new understanding based on the legal basis, carried out a number of legal reforms for this purpose. First, Ottoman bureaucracy and cumbersome wings still attached to the old regime has been dismantled, besides renewal were made by different methods for the creation of a class subject to the new regime.