Abdullah Saydam

Keywords: The War of Independence, Trabzon, Armenin-Greek Threat, The Pontus Movement, The Pontus Problem


After the First World War is forced to accept the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and the signing of the Armistice Treaty, all Turkey's Trabzon province had also referred to as a concern. Because there was an intense Armenian-Greek threat on Trabzon, the only province of the Eastern Black Sea Region. This threat, which clearly shows itself in the First World War, has been turned into a means of realizing the ambitions of imperialist policies in the depressing environment of the armistice period. Due to the geopolitical location of Trabzon, it was widespread that it was time to realize the goals pursued all along. In addition to Trabzon's threat to enemies, some aspects of the province brought it to the forefront during the War of Independence. The reasons for this extraordinary appearance were the following: The region had low fertile, moderately fertile soil and animal husbandry was primitive. Therefore, the city's strong and deep-rooted Muslim-Turkish notables turned towards domestic and foreign trade. Due to the commercial environment, the notables were following political developments closely, teaching their children, and participating in press and publishing studies.