Pakize Çoban Karabulut

Keywords: Second World War, Izmir Province, Turkish National Security Law, Grain, Turkish Economy

Abstract

With the beginning of the World War II, export products that were not abundant in stock, especially grain varieties, began to show a significant increase in their price in a few months. The peasant, who tended to the cultivation of products increasing in price, wanted to minimize the negative effects experienced by the war crisis. On the other hand, the government, by ensuring that there was enough grain in stock, continued export agreements made with foreign countries. For this reason, the authorization was given to the government via Turkish National Security Law to stabilize the market in the war time and to meet the food needs of the people and to make some arrangements to ensure the cultivation of the needed product. Moreover, some precautions were also taken in order to prevent the extraordinary increase in prices, but, in spite of all the precautions, it was not successful in this regard until the end of the war. In this work, how the grain, which was an important product in the Second World War period, was affected by the decisions accepted and the importance that Izmir peasant gave to the cultivation of this product, are discussed in detail.