Chronological History of the Dardanelles Battles (3 November 1914- 9 January 1916)
Keywords: Dardanelles, Gallipoli, Turks, Mustafa Kemal, Ottoman Empire, Entente, Great Britain, France
The Dardanelles front was one of the most important fronts of the First World War. The battles on this front lasted little more than fourteen months and resulted in enormous human losses on both sides. During the course of the land battles, which followed the naval battle, many critical events occurred that would take their part in the world's warfare history and the Turks displayed the most meaningful stages in defense of their homeland. In terms of its consequences, it is obvious that the Dardanelles battles have delayed the collapse and the partition of the Ottoman Empire for a few years further. Beyond these, the unique Turkish resistance and success at the Dardanelles front laid the foundations of the national consciousness, motivation and self-confidence for the Turkish National Struggle which was waged against the Allies following the war. This study seeks to present the daily developments in a chronological manner on the Çanakkale Straits and the Gallipoli peninsula, where the battles lasted 433 days and resulted in much bloodshed.