ISSN: 1011-727X
e-ISSN: 2667-5420

Mevlüt Samet Yıldız1, Çağatay Benhür2

1Ankara Üniversitesi Türk İnkılap Tarihi Enstitüsü, Ankara/TÜRKİYE
2Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Tarih Bölümü, Konya/TÜRKİYE

Keywords: Soviet Press, the 10th Year of the Turkish Republic, Türkiye, USSR, Voroshilov.


Turks and Russians have fought against each other many times for nearly four centuries. The last war between two nations was the First World War. After the war, regime changes occurred in both countries. With the regime changes, friendly relations were established between the two countries, and this relationship constantly developed positively along the lines of friendship and good neighborliness until the start of the Second World War. During this process, friendly relations were strengthened with the mutual visits of representatives of both countries. A Soviet delegation was planned to visit Turkey in 1933, both on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey and in response to the visit of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey, İsmet Pasha, to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1932. A Soviet delegation from important representatives of the Soviet government, headed by People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, was assigned for the visit.

The subject of the study is the visit of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics delegation headed by Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov to Turkey in 1933. In our study, we tried to discuss the dimension of the relations between the two countries within the period conjuncture with the visit of the said delegation to Turkey. In addition, our study aimed to examine how the celebrations were handled by the Soviet public, as the visit coincided with the tenth anniversary celebrations of the Republic of Turkey. In this regard, the basis of the study was Pravda and Izvestia newspapers, which were the two most important newspapers of the USSR. Besides these two newspapers, documents related to the visit from the Presidential Archives of the Republic of Turkey and the Turkish Diplomatic Archives of the Presidential State Archives of the Republic of Turkey are also included. In addition, a selection of documents published by the USSR Government was also used. Original research works published on Turkish-Soviet relations of the period in which the visit took place were also used in the study.

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