DAILY LIFE, AGRICULTURE AND HUSBANDRY IN THE COUNTRYSIDE OF AĞRI (1950-1980)
Dr. Öğr. Görevlisi, Ege Üniversitesi, İzmir/TÜRKİYE
Keywords: Agricultural Transformation, Animal Production, Geography, Daily Life, Plant Production.
This academic study analyses the agriculture of Ağrı Province in the period between 1950 and 1980 which is called as “Green Revolution” in Turkish Agriculture and experienced important social and economic transformation. Furthermore, this study explains the influence of the geographical conditions of Ağrı Province on animal production and plant production that were realized in the rural areas under the social and economic living conditions. Furthermore, this article also explains the agricultural mechanization, yield increase, crop diversity and market oriented agricultural production process in the rural areas of Ağrı. In addition to all of these, this study compares the plant production and animal production statistics of Ağrı and those of Turkey with each other to be able to reveal the socio-economic transformation of rural areas in Ağrı more clearly. Thus, it searches for an answer that to which extent the agricultural structures and the dynamics of change in daily social life of Ağrı indicate transformation or indicate to which extent stability in traditional social structure. However, when the cultivable lands of Ağrı and the transportation facilities of Ağrı with Erzurum are considered, this study emphasizes that Ağrı has high agricultural potential for market oriented agricultural production. However, as a result this study tries to explain the geography, the demographic structure, and the transformation in agricultural activities of Ağrı from the perspective of different disciplines such as geography, economy, agriculture, sociology, and history.