ISSN: 1011-727X
e-ISSN: 2667-5420

Edip Semih Yalçın

Keywords: Ataturk, Ankara, National Struggle


The occupation movements, which started with the signing of the Mondros Armistice, encouraged the Turkish people to protect their rights and save the Turkish homeland and caused the establishment of the "National Societies" for this purpose since the end of 1918. The National Societies, which emerged as a reaction to the occupation and seeking solutions to salvation, initially thought of protecting their own regions, not just the weak, scattered and the whole country. The efforts to unite these societies gradually until the Sivas Congress will constitute one of the most important goals of the national movement in this period. The resistance movement, which started with Mustafa Kemal Pasha's transition to Anatolia on May 19, 1919, took his first serious step with the Amasya Team in June 1919. In Amasya, the independence of the nation was determined to be in danger, and it was envisaged that only the determination and decision of the nation could save it. The most important feature of Amasya Team, who is the Mustafamili Mustafa Kemal Pasha, is that he has a gathering spirit.