Ali Sarıkoyuncu

Keywords: Zonguldak, National Struggle

Abstract

Governments of Istanbul, especially Damat Ferit Pasha, did not hesitate to try various ways to prevent the development of the national movement in Anatolia. As a matter of fact, the Government of Damat Ferit Pasha had started such a struggle before the Sivas Congress. Ferit Pasha stated in the telegram he sent to the governors and governors in June 1919 that the formation of a national army was banned and ordered that the people who do not comply be sent to the Istanbul Divan-i Örfi, if it is necessary to act unfairly. In addition, the Government of Damat Ferit Pasha wanted to prevent the Sivas Congress from meeting in any way. For this, a person named Ali Galip was appointed as the Governor of Harput and was appointed to press the Sivas Congress and withhold his members. On the other hand, due to the national movement developed under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha in Anatolia, the Istanbul Government, which fell into desperation, sent "Delegation Nasihalar" to the provinces under the presidency of some princes.