Suat İlhan

Keywords: Kemalism, Atatürk and Culture, Culture, acculturation

Abstract

At the time when the meaning and field of culture was explored, the relations and boundaries between civilization were tried to be determined and yet it remained uncertain as a concept, Atatürk adopted the culture in the broadest sense accepted today and made his evaluations about the culture according to this understanding. "It is difficult and unnecessary to distinguish culture from civilization," said Atatürk, "a. in state life, b. in the life of ideas, c. as the sum of things that can be done in economic life ". According to the understanding that is largely united today, culture is considered as all of the developments and accumulations that have been found outside our biological activities and instincts and have been passed down from generation to generation. Undoubtedly, the reflection of our biological activities and instincts to life and their application patterns are also seen in different ways in different cultures. It is the biological activity and instinct that are involved in this cultural assessment.