ISSN: 1011-727X
e-ISSN: 2667-5420

Zeki Arıkan

Keywords: Republic, İzmir, İzmir Press, Republic of Turkey


The Times newspaper dated 22 September 1919 mentions the Sivas Congress as "the Anatolian Republic in Sivas". The organizers of all these documents sensed that the National Resistance in Anatolia would turn into a republic. As a matter of fact, some Ottoman rulers in Istanbul were also concerned that Mustafa Kemal would bring the Republic. For example, Ali Riza Paşa, one of the last Ottoman Grand Viziers, during an interview with Mustafa Kemal Ahmet Izzet Pasha while tugging "they will make a republic, Cumhuriyet!"he couldn't help but shout.