ISSN: 1011-727X
e-ISSN: 2667-5420

Metin Hülagü

Keywords: Turkish National Struggle, Mustafa Kemal, Islamic Countries, İslam, Religion


As it is known after the First World War, Asia Minör had been ocupied by the vvinner countries of mentioned war. Upon this event at the leadership of the Mustafa Kemal Pasha struggle of Turkish Independence had begun in Anatolia. This national struggle which begun in Anatolia has been examined by various researchers from different point of wives. During this struggle period it is seen that the Turkish National Struggle leader Mustafa Kemal Pasha and other Middle Eastern leaders and go- vemments had made and shown common movements and behaviours time by time. There are some certain reasons of this common behaviours and movements. Türk and Arab nations and govemments' becoming and facing with European States' occupation after the First World War; again vvhile European States were promising to Arab nations a freedom future before the war but after the war their oppositions and occupations; especially at the end of the war and at the eve of the treaties Müslim organisations and representatives' questioning behaviours and in this directions their struggle against the England had forced to Mustafa Kemal Pasha to be in relations and to make some agreements with them and gain their aids. Thereupon these and other things had become reasons of the closing relations and so- lidarity. Shortly mentioned case of the Islamic World and their eager to gain their freedom force them to be in solidarity and caused to share a common policy among the Müslim nations. Because of this fact, as much as Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his friends, other Islamic leaders have been in the need of a common struggle against the European powers. In one of his speech Mustafa Kemal Pasha had remarked this fact and with a number of Arab leaders to whom Mustafa Kemal offered certain clauses had signed agreements in a period longed until 1920 June. Knowing the ideas and feelings of the Arab and Islamic vvorld and the movement of caliphate very well and being a long time at the cons- cious of the importance of the behaviours and status of the Müslim countries and Arab nations for Turkish National Struggle and Turkish po- licies toward Near and Middle East Mustafa Kemal and Turkish nationalists appealed to some factors in order to gain material and religious support of these countries. At the east, until the Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan and India; at the west, Albania; at the south, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Arabia; at the south west, until the Algeria and Fez, they tried to widen their political influence in a form that containing and covering ali of the Islamic countries. They had saw useful to held some congress in Erzurum and Sivas and to distribute some printed materials in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan and Arabia and in some other countries. As a result of this po- licy Islamic countries and nations do not hesitate to help Turkish National movement either materially or spiritually. In this article we tried to remark to relations and solidarity of the Iran, Iraq, Syria, Arabia, Libya, India, Yemen, Albania and some other co¬untries and Müslim nations with Turkey during the Turkish National Struggle.