Zekeriya Türkmen

Keywords: Greek Army, Armenian, Kuva-yı Milliye

Abstract

The participation of Adapazarı and its environs to Kuva-yı Milliye (Natioanal Independance Army) movement during the National Struggle 'ra cooncides with the days following the Sivas Conference. The local govermeııt officials and the people had important roles in the establisment of national platoons in Adapazarı district. Miidafaa-i Hukuk-ı Milliye Cemiyetleri (National Rights Protection Associations) who would support the Kuva-yı Milliye had completed their es- tablishments in the districts of Adapazarı, Geyve and Hendek in a short pe- riod of time and started to operate. The development of the Kuva-yı Milliye in Adapazarı, Geyve and Hendek alerted the occupying Greek troops and their supporters: the local Rum and Armenian mobs, supported by the Greek army created a terrorist environment in the area. The Rum and Armenian mobs taking material and moral support from the Greek Army, initiated a movement of vi'12ence and plunder againts the Turkish villages by taking advantage of the 'ut- hority gap in the area. After the Adapazarı district was occupoiod by the Greek Army in March 24th, 1921, an increase in the violance, plunder, kil- ling and raping, ete. of the Rum and Armenian mobs was observed. The suppression forced by the Greeks and their supporters in Adapazarı district continued about 4 months till June 21th, 1921, at this date the Turkish Army took control of the area and pushed the Greeks away from the area. The material and moral damage caused by the local supporters of the Greeks through the Rum and Armenian mobs left a long lasting effect and unforgeotable memories in the area. While vvriting this article, the reports of the Intelligence 'ivision of the West Front Command are used in great extend, the information in '12'12' registers are evaluated and the '12' 12s told by the local people are not ineluded