ISSN: 1011-727X
e-ISSN: 2667-5420

Kadir Kasalak

Keywords: World War, The Hille Rebellion, Iraq, Share Of Ot¬toman Empire, English Policy


In this paper, arousİng in Hille, Iraq and affecting the region, the rebellions during the World War I were studied and it was tried to illuminate Ottoman and English poiicies. Iraq was annexed to Ottoman Empire in 1534 and it was under the rule of the Empire until World War I. Upon discovery of rich o il beds in Iran and Mesopotamia in the late nineteen century, England and other in- dustrialized countries had some plans for the region. According to the report written by a committee assigned by. W. Churcill in 1913 it was reported that oil beds in Iran and Mesopotamia would be a good fuel source for English navy. The English did not like the Ottoman - German cooperation after their Istanbul-Baghdad railway project. After Berlin Ag- reement England already ahanged its attitude towards Ottoman Empire and it began to implement a plan how to break the unity of the empire and how to capture strategic areas in case of the fail of the Ottoman Empire. The İnvasion of Cyprus and Egypt and Reval's interview in 1908 showed this. Arousing the Arabs to revolt against the Ottoman Empire is a part of this policy. England had a chance to capture the region after the World War I. Hille rebellions also helped English policy and its aims. Due to these rebellions Ottomans lost their İnfluence in the region; on the other hand, the English forces had some advantages över the region. They got the hold of oil beds in the region.