Aygün Attar

Keywords: Nation, Turks, Ottoman Society, The World War I, Unitary Structure of Turkish Republic

Abstract

The entrance of the "nation" concept to Turkish political history coincides with the period before World War I. However, it was Turks who paid the least respect to the meanings of concept in Ottoman society. When the Müslim community structure disintegrated, the concept of nation started to present a meaning. However, the context "the land of a Müslim is the place where the realm of the îslamic law exists" said by M.Said Halim Pasha caused a waste of time for the reİnforcement of the sense nation. Nationalization process started after having been defined by the Republic conception that there was no way for Turkey but to follow the requisites and the realities of the day. When Turkey as a nation accepted the formations which would determine political, social, cultural and historical criteria of its new identity, the concept of nation transformed into a phenomenon primarily affecting the social structure. The aim of this study is to present the Unitary Structure of Turkish Republic, in this respect.