Sezen Kılıç

Keywords: Mousul, Laussanne Conference, Turkish Republic, British Mandate, Irak

Abstract

Mousul, which was the land of Seljuks since 1118 and a province of Ottoman since 1517, was occupied by alleging the seventh proviso of the Mondoros Truce by the British after the World War I ended. As a result of this there was violent combats between Turks and British, but the matter could not be solved by armed combats and was abandoned to the Lausanne Conference. It entailed great negotiations at Lausanne Conference, but was left to the next session since its status could not precisely be conferred; and after the failure of the negotiations it was ceded to Irak which was under the British mandate, with the Ankara Treaty in 1926. In this study, information on the reasons why Mousul is not included today within the borders of the Turkish Republic will be given.